A mosque is a place of worship and many of them are known for their Islamic architecture. The earliest mosques, opened in 7th century were open-air spaces. Here you are a diagram with the different parts you can distinguish in mosques and their function.
Mesopotamia—a historical region of Western Asia situated within the Tigris–Euphrates river system—housed the world’s first urban civilization with a sophisticated cultural sphere which included music, art, and literature. The Sumerians of lower Mesopotamia founded the first cities, invented writing, developed poetry, and created vast architectural structures.