The concept of cause and effect is essential in Social Studies. Recognizing patterns of cause and effect is an important analytical skill that allows us to explain why things happened the way they did in the past.
Mesopotamia—a historical region of Western Asia situated within the Tigris–Euphrates river system—housed the world’s first urban civilization with a sophisticated cultural sphere which included music, art, and literature. The Sumerians of lower Mesopotamia founded the first cities, invented writing, developed poetry, and created vast architectural structures.
Watch this video and understand why Mesopotamia became the cradle of civilization, around rivers Tigris and Euphrates.

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